Labuan Bulletin of International Business & Finance (LBIBF)


The LBIBf adheres to the highest ethical standards concerning editorial and research conduct. Every submission of paper to LBIBf will be taken to imply that it presents original unpublished work and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere at the same time. It is the responsibility of the author (s) to obtain written permission, prior to submission of a paper, to quote from or reproduce copyright material. It is further understood that all persons listed as authors have given their approval for the submission of the paper and that any person cited as a source of personal communication has approved such citation.

A Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) must be signed and returned to the Managing Editor by the author of accepted manuscripts, prior to publication. This transfer of copyright enables the publisher to disseminate the author’s work to the fullest extent. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproduction of similar nature, and translations.